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Time Line of Events in the Crimean War

March 2
Menshikov arrives in Constantinople with demands for protectorate over all Greek Orthodox in Ottoman Empire.
May 21
Menshikov's demands are rejected and he leaves Constantinople, breaking off relations.
May 31
Russian ultimatum to Ottoman Empire.
June 8
British fleet approaches the Dardanelles.
July 2
Russian army crosses the Pruth River into Moldavia (Romania).
October 5
Ottoman Empire declares war on Russia.
October 28
Turkish army crosses the Danube River at Kalafat (Border with Romania & Bulgaria).
October 30
British fleet enters the Bosphorus.
November 4
Russians defeated by Turks at Oltenitza (Border with Romania & Bulgaria).
November 30
Turkish naval squadron destroyed at Sinope (Asia Minor).
January 4
Allied fleets enter the Black Sea.
January 6
Turks win battle of Citate (Romania).
January 8
Russians invade the Dobruja (Romania).
February 10
British peace deputation sees the Tzar.
February 23
The first British troops sail for Turkey.
March 11
The British Baltic Fleet sails from Spithead.
March 19
French troops sail for Turkey.
March 20
French Baltic Fleet sails.
March 28
France and Great Britain declare war on Russia.
April 5
British troops arrive at Gallipoli.
April 14
Russians besiege Silistra (Bulgaria).
April 18
Turkish victory at Rohova (border with Romania & Bulgaria).
April 20
Austria and Prussia declare their neutrality.
April 22
The bombardment of Odessa.
May 28
Embarkation of French and British force for Varna (Bulgaria).
June 23
Russians abandon the siege of Silistra.
June 26
French and British fleets arrive off of Kronstadt, near St. Petersburg.
July 7
Russians defeated by the Turks at Giurgevo (border with Romania & Bulgaria).
July 28
Russians withdraw across the Pruth River (Romania).
In Asia Minor, the Turks defeat the Russians at Bayezid (Armenia).
August 13
Allies besiege Bomarsund in the Baltic.
August 16
Surrender of Bomarsund.
August 21
Bombardment of Kola, in the White Sea, by the British squadron.
August 30
British naval failure at Petropaulovsk.
September 5
Allies embark at Varna for the Crimea.
September 14
Allies land unopposed at Kalamata Bay, north of Sevastopol.
September 19
Allies encounter Russians at the River Bulganek.
September 20
the Battle of the River Alma.
September 23
Russians scuttle fleet in Sevastopol to block entrance to harbour.
September 24
Flank march by Allies around Sevastopol.
September 26
British enter Balaklava.
September 29
French commander, St. Arnaud, dies.
October 7
Construction of trenches and batteries begun.
October 17
First bombardment of Sevastopol. Ineffective
October 23
Departure from England of Florence Nightingale and 38 nurses.
October 25
Battle of Balaklava. Russian attempt from Crimean interior against British base foiled.
October 26
'Little Inkerman' Russian probe from Sevastopol against British right repulsed.
November 4
Florence Nightingale arrives in Scutari with 38 nurses.
November 5
The Battle of Inkerman. Major Russian attack from Sevastopol and interior against British right repulsed.
November 14
The hurricane in the Crimea. Start of deterioration of weather.
December 22
Lyons replaces Dundas as commander of the British Fleet in the Crimea.
December 24
Brout succeeds Hamelin as commander of the French Fleet in the Crimea.
January 10
Russians feint attack on Balaklava.
January 17
Russian attack on Eupatoria, north of Kalamata Bay.
January 26
The Kingdom of Piedmont (Sardinia) joins the Allies.
January 31
Lord Aberdeen's government falls.
February 5
Lord Palmerston forms the new government.
February 20
Allied attack across the River Chernaya frustrated by snowstorm.
February 22
Russians seize and fortify the Mamelon, a position outside of the fortress and in front of the French lines.
February 24
French attack on Sevastopol fails.
March 2
Tzar Nicholas I, dies and is succeeded by Alexander II. Menshikov recalled.
March 15
Conference of Vienna opens.
March 22
Russian night attack on Light Division.
April 4
Second Baltic expedition leaves Spithead.
April 9
Second bombardment of Sevastopol commences. Little effect; assault cancelled.
April 19
Light Division night raid on Russian rifle-pits.
April 26
Vienna conference closes, without results.
May 1
Fierce fighting on the French left flank at the Quarantine cemetery.
May 2
First French expedition sails for Kertch (Sea of Azov), and is recalled by Canrobert.
May 16
Canrobert, French Commander, resigns command, and is replaced by Pélissier.
May 23
Expedition to Kertch sails again.
May 25
Kertch and Yenikale captured.
May 26
Allied naval forces enter the Sea of Azov.
June 5
'Massacre' of Finnish crew by Russians at Hangö (Finland).
June 6
Third bombardment of Sevastopol. Capture of the Mamelon and the Quarries by the Allies.
June 16
First Russian attack at Kars (Armenia).
June 17
Fourth bombardment of Sevastopol.
June 18
Main assault on the Malakov and Redan defeated, with heavy losses.
June 28
Death of Lord Raglan.
July 1
General Sir James Simpson appointed to command of the British army in the Crimea.
July 14
Conference at which Turkish commander Omar Pasha asks permission to withdraw his troops and concentrate on Asia Minor.
August 7
Second Russian attack at Kars.
August 9
Bombardment of Sveaborg (Finland).
August 16
Russian attack at Battle of the Tchernaya River and defeated by French and Sardinian forces (Northeast of Balaklava).
August 17
Fifth bombardment of Sevastopol commences to cover advance of French Tranches towards Malakov.
August 20
Russians commence building of boat-bridge from Sevastopol to north bank of harbour.
September 5
Sixth bombardment of Sevastopol begins.
September 6
Omar Pasha leaves for Asia Minor.
September 8
At Sevastopol, the attack on the Malakov by the French is successful. The French fail at Little Redan, and Bastion du Mât. The British fail at the Redan.
September 9
The Russians evacuate the South Side of Sevastopol.
September 22
Cavalry action near Kertch.
September 29
Russians attack at Kars defeated. Cavalry skirmishes at Eupatoria. Omar Pasha's troops embark for Asia Minor.
October 3
Omar Pasha's army lands at Suchum Kaleh, south of the Caucasus Mountains, with an expedition for relief of Kars.
October 7
Allied expedition to Kinburn, near Odessa, sails to capture forts guarding Dnieper Bay.
October 17
Allied expedition captures forts at Kinburn. Ochakov evacuated by Russians.
October 22
Selim Pasha's army lands at Trebizond, and marches to Erzerum. (Armenia)
November 6
Omar Pasha defeats the Russians at the River Ingur, south of the Caucasus Mountains.
November 11
Sir James Simpson resigns as British Commander, and is replaced by Sir William Codrington.
November 15
French magazine at Sevastopol explodes.
November 26
Russians accept surrender of the Turkish forces at Kars.
December 8
Omar Pasha's army forced to withdraw from the River Skeniscal, south of the Caucasus Mountains.
December 16
Count Esterhazy takes Austria's ultimatum to St. Petersburg.
December 23
Destruction of all Russian naval and military installations at Sevastopol begins.
January 16
Tzar Alexander II accepts the Austrian demands.
January 29
Russian guns bombard Sevastopol.
February 25
The Paris Peace Conference opens.
February 29
The Armistice is signed.
March 30
The Treaty of Paris is signed.
April 27
Ratification of the Treaty of Paris in London formally ends Britain's participation in the war.